2. How did they govern themselves. You were loyal to those above you, generous to those below you, and honest to the point of out-spokenness to all. One day of the Thing was set aside to try serious crimes, such as murder or theft. Because he was open about his deed (killing someone in public in a duel). Prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia, it doesn't seem like any of the laws were written down and everything was rule of thumb. Viking society, which had developed by the 9th century, included the peoples that lived in what are now Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and, from the 10th century, Iceland.In the beginning, political power was relatively diffused, but it eventually became centralized in the respective Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish kingdoms—a process that helped to bring about the end of the Viking era. They learn about the different punishments used by the Anglo Saxons, discover what wergild is and imagine what it would have been like to undergo a trial by ordeal. Viking Laws and the Art of Managing a Business Jan 24, 2019. Each community had its own Thing. But the Vikings were never shy about taking slaves, and there certainly were slaves in Iceland. The Vikings were skilful weavers and made their own clothes. https://www.ancientpages.com/2016/10/22/viking-law-order-based-thing-system Viking clothes were made from wool, linen and animal skins. Each and every criminal was trialled and suitable punishment was inflicted on him. Danelaw refers to the regions of England that were forced to follow the laws that the Vikings implemented after their invasion. The Vikings worshiped their gods in the open air, choosing natural landmarks such as big rocks, unusual trees, and waterfalls. Viking political institutions had no executive branch – like police, for example – to enforce their laws. The Viking era. That means that, on some level, sexual slavery played a significant role in the settlement of Iceland. Since the laws were more or less just a codification of the social norms that people were expected to live by anyway, political leaders and legal assemblies typically had little problem getting the people to enforce the law themselves. They had their own legislative assembly and a court. At the assembly, the laws were recited, and amended or added to by the participants. Many of their own laws and trials were brutal in nature, and undoubtedly many innocent people were punished. Yet they weren’t only cruel to their rivals. Every Viking freeman was allowed to attend and speak at these gatherings, which usually took once a year. Most people associate Vikings with warfare and the raiding of foreign countries, but these people, who came from Scandinavia and were active between 790 and 1066, were also traders, explorers, and settlers. They wanted everyone to be honest, brave and fair. This does not mean that the laws were identical, however, as one of Edgar's codes permitted the Danes to exercise their rights 'according to the good laws they can best decide on.' The law was based around what we might call tribal loyalty - or, to the Vikings, Thing-Law (a "Thing" was a gathering and, by extension a community). The owner could buy and sell a slave, and he could treat his slave as he liked. The Vikings were Norse people who came from an area called Scandinavia. Slaves were looked upon as the owner’s property. "The Thing" was a gathering set in a place where "guidelines and rudimentary laws were discussed," reveals BBC, adding that it's at the Thing that "alleged criminals would be tried by a group of their peers," with guilty verdicts resulting in fines or even banishment. They hated cowards and cheats. In fact the word Law from the English language is a Vikig word. The Thing met at specific, weekly times. 0 0. After around 1000, Viking … The slave - or "trell", as the Vikings called him, is not mentioned in the law because they were not protected by the law. Killing someone in the Viking Age was no big deal as long as the murderers were open and honest about his deed. Viking lords and kings made many laws. Despite their penchant for waging guerrilla warfare, it seems that the Vikings were vain about their appearance. Anonymous. Interstingly, the Vikings were a very law-abiding people. New laws would then be spread by word of mouth as Vikings didn’t write things down! For example, a Viking A challenged a Viking B with a duel in public and finally ended up killing Viking B. It was left to the general populace to enforce them. Disputes were also settled. Each free man of a Viking community would gather in their communities to make law and to decide cases in a meeting called a Thing. The Vikings were marine infantry that used their revolutionary longships to achieve an extraordinary advantage in mobility over their enemies – but once it was time to fight, the battle was typically fought on foot. Women, with the help of children, made the wool into yarn and used natural dyes from plants to give it colour. Their most important gods were Odin, the god of knowledge, Thor, the god of metalwork and thunder, and Frey, the goddess of fertility. Often, this led to violence, even members of a "Thing," could be sent away from their homeland forever as a punishment. It was common to find barley, cabbage and turnips in a Viking larder. In this lesson children explore the differences between the Anglo Saxon and modern British justice systems. Many viking era households held concubines along the official wife, which meant that there was always a group of women who were not related to each other living in the same house. They discussed important political matters, made laws and decided punishments for law- breaking. The Vikings 1. What were Vikings clothes like? If you're looking for any of the other lesson packs on this topic, including lesson pack 2, you can find them here.  Though adultery was common for both men and women, women were punished more severely for it, particularly after the Christian conversion. THE VIKINGS 790AD - 1066AD Mr Shipp, Year 8 History 2015 2. Ordinary Vikings were law makers, too. Did you know that the word "law" in English is actually of Viking origin? That's right, one of our most requested subjects, the Vikings, right here on Crash Course. Most Viking inventions and innovations were related to the hit-and-run military campaigns conducted during their raids and involved shipbuilding, camping, combat, and other related practical enterprises. Horses were also used to achieve mobility, but the Vikings were not usually cavalrymen. Describe the different classes within Viking society. In which John Green teaches you about Vikings! You can read more about Vikings and their laws at the link below: www.viking.no 3. In Viking society, there were frequent disputes between rival chieftains or other leaders. Rather than having all disputes settled by duelling or interfamily brawls, the Thing was made to both create and write laws and to judge cases within the law. As judgement, like laws, were rarely written fown, legal experts tried, to memorize them exactly. You might know it better as Norway, Sweden and Denmark. One way that we know this to be true is that many laws and pronouncements that were made over the years to encourage people, both laymen and priests alike, to be faithful in marriage. How were women treated and what were their roles. If anyone had broken a Viking law, there would be another “Thing” to decide if the person was guilty, and how they should be punished. The most likely explanation is that there were Celts who volunteered to go to Iceland as well as Celtic women who were taken there as slaves. Syllabus 3. The killer, in this case, would have to face no severe punishment. Video of Archaeologists searching for evidence to support the Viking (or “Normanist”) theory, which states that the Rus people were originally Vikings; the theory is partly based on The Russian Primary Chronicle, which was compiled by Nestor. Vikings were the seafaring Norse people from southern Scandinavia (present-day Denmark, Norway and Sweden) who from the late 8th to late 11th centuries raided, pirated, traded and settled throughout parts of Europe, and explored westward to Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland. The slave was owned by his owner in the same way the owner owned his domestic animals. People accused of crimes had to walk over a piece of red-hot iron or snatch stones from a pot of boiling water. Viking Laws and Society 1. The assembly therefore served the purposes that we today give to the legislative and judicial branches of our governments. Viking law was mostly oral (or written in rune), so how exactly were these orders upheld? There is a reason vikings are commonly referred to as barbarians and heathens. The Viking people were adept at using the land - many were farmers, in areas where the climate allowed them to grow crops. They pillaged villages, burned entire cities, and slaughtered their enemies. However, viking-era legal information is difficult to come by except the knowledge that they had Things, which were essentially early courts. Fact 4: English places were given new Viking names that still exist today! As they settled in new places around the world, the Vikings often set up things there too. The very word "law" derives from Old Norse. Answer (1 of 3): Definitely Vikings had their own laws. They wanted everyone to be honest, brave and fair brutal in nature, and their... 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