The Nigerian government has disbanded a controversial police unit known for beating and torturing ordinary citizens. Building: Lehae La Sars. The outbreak was first identified in Foshan, Guangdong, China, on 16 November 2002.. Over 8,000 people from 29 different countries and territories were infected, and at least 774 died worldwide. What is SARS? Authorized assays for viral testing include those that detect SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid or antigen. 94769-7 SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Ab [Units/volume] in Serum or Plasma by Immunoassay Active Term Description Qualitative detection of any SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (IgG, IgM, or IgA) in serum or plasma by immunoassay methods. On 9 October in Ogbomosho in Oyo State, a protestor named Jimoh Isiaq was shot dead by police officers while participating in the #EndSARS protests. [18], Following several reports of human rights violations submitted by members of the public to the office of the Inspector General of Police, on 7 August 2015, the then-Inspector General of Police Solomon Arase announced he would split the SARS unit into two units—an operational unit and an investigations unit—in order to curtail cases of human rights violations. Real time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR) tests have been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and others for the diagnosis of 2019-nCoV. End SARS is a decentralised social movement, and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.The slogan calls for the disbanding of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), a notorious unit of the Nigerian Police with a long record of abuses. Midenda named his team the Special Anti-Robbery Squad. [30][31] By mid December, the campaign took to the streets with protests occurring in Abuja. [citation needed], At the time, SARS was one of the fourteen units in the Force Criminal Investigation and Intelligence Department,[10] and was established to detain, investigate, and prosecute those involved in violent crimes such as armed robbery and kidnapping. The campaign started on social media from the hashtag #EndSARS, created by Twitter user @Letter_to_jack in a post demanding that the federal government of Nigeria scrap and end the deployment of SARS. [47] On 11 October 2020, Adamu dismantled SARS. Ancient Mesopotamian units of measurement originated in the loosely organized city-states of Early Dynastic Sumer.Each city, kingdom and trade guild had its own standards until the formation of the Akkadian Empire when Sargon of Akkad issued a common standard. [28], In December 2017, Segun Awosanya spearheaded an online advocacy campaign that demanded an end to SARS brutality in the country. [53][60][62], On 22 October 2020, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari confirmed in a publicly-aired address that SARS had been dismantled and also accused some members of SARS of committing "acts of excessive force" when the unit was operational. The Sars rogue unit was high technology intelligence structure with investigative and spy equipment sometimes greater than state security. [63] Plans were then put in place to prosecute some former SARS members for extortion, rape, and murder.[64]. [19] In September 2016, Pulse.ng compiled a report on Nigerian police brutality entitled "Meet SARS, the Police Unit with license to kill", which highlighted the brutality and ignorance of the squad's rules of engagement. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events. [12], In October 2005, a SARS operative killed a bus driver in Obiaruku, Delta State, for failing to pay a bribe. [9] Due to the absence of police for two weeks, the crime rate increased. His statements came as protestors occupied streets and remained defiant until their demands are implemented. According to the SARS officer, the teen was mistaken for a kidnapper. [20], A September 2016 report published by Amnesty International detailed extensive torture and detainment without trial. The report detailed SARS forcing confessions, withholding food, and other abuses. [34], On 14 August 2018, the Acting President of Nigeria Yemi Osinbajo ordered with immediate effect the "overhaul" of SARS following reports of human rights violation. The virus also underwent a number of mutations, compared to two other patients who had low B cell counts and most other people with SARS-CoV-2 infection. We observed similar titers in cell-associated and supernatant compartments, which indicated efficient egress. During the COVID-19 public health emergency, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services external icon (CMS) allows a laboratory or testing site to use its existing Certificate of Waiver to operate a temporary COVID-19 testing site in an off-site location, such as a nursing home or drive-through location. Source: LOINC. Moshood also called for the campaigners to come forward so that SARS could investigate them. Legal services were acquired and doctors were deployed on ground to administer first aid to protestors. Pretoria. [PMID: 31953166] Reported illnesses have ranged from minor or no respiratory symptoms to severe acute respiratory illness and death. However, on 13 October, protestors marched in defiance of the ban, all the way up to the State Government House, where the governor resides. [7] Three police anti-robbery squads (the first of which was established in 1984) were already operating at that time, so Midenda needed to distinguish his squad from the existing teams. See https://loinc.org/license for the full LOINC copyright and license. Update: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome --- Toronto, Canada, 2003 Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was first recognized in Toronto in a woman who returned from Hong Kong on February 23, 2003 (1).Transmission to other persons resulted subsequently in an outbreak among 257 persons in several Greater Toronto Area (GTA) hospitals. The new hashtags #EndSWAT and #SARSMUSTEND went international as protestors called for the new unit to be scrapped as they thought several members of the defunct SARS would be integrated into the new unit. Then the Shooting Started", Federal Investigation and Intelligence Bureau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special_Anti-Robbery_Squad&oldid=1001136372, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles slanted towards recent events from October 2020, Pages using law enforcement agency with local civilian police general nature, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Section 214 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended), This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 11:30. SARS was investigated several times in response to protests, but without results; reforms were promised in 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019. [25], On 5 September 2019, operatives of the SARS in Lekki, Lagos, allegedly kidnapped, tortured, and robbed Nigerian rapper Ikechukwu Onunaku for no clear reason. 0001. In 2009, after several years of operations, the squad grew in number and strength. Guizhou Province is located in Southwest China. Pravin admits Sars had a rogue unit … [35] After the order, the IGP announced that the unit would be renamed the Federal Special Anti-Robbery Squad,[36] a new head of the unit would be appointed, and the provision of human rights desk officers to check reports. [57] However, on 9 November 2020, the police filed a lawsuit claiming that the panels were unconstitutional and illegal, and that state governors had no constitutionally granted powers to oversee the police. Box 436. Once it binds … On 10 October, a police station in Ijebu-Ode, South-Western Nigeria, was attacked by protestors angry over the death of Jimoh Isiaq and several others who had died at the hands of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad. Visit the national COVID-19 Online Resource and News Portal at www.sacoronavirus.co.za or see SARS COVID-19 news items and tax relief measures here. The court also said Mkhwebane relied on discredited information to compile her report and was biased against Gordhan and former SARS executive, Ivan Pillay. Popular Twitter activist Aisha Yesufu was reportedly beaten by male police officers, and her car was damaged by police trucks chasing protestors in the streets of Abuja. Although SARs are also always granted in the form of actual shares of stock, the number of shares given is only equal to the dollar amount … Within a short time, a growing number of patients who had not been exposed to animal markets were diagnosed with the infection, indicating person-to-person transmission. The full genome of the 2019-nCoV was first posted by Chinese health authorities in GenBank, the NIH genetic sequence database, and in the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAI) portal. The eBooking toll-free number is no longer operational. SARS-CoV-2 infects lung tissue by binding to angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE 2) receptors on the surfaces of cells. To determine distribution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in hospital wards in Wuhan, China, we tested air and surface samples. Infection Control in Healthcare, Home, and Community Settings (Jan 8, 2004) Supplement I of Public Health Guidance for Community-Level Preparedness and Response to SARS; Infection Control Precautions for SARS Patients and Their Close Contacts in Households (Jan 8, 2004) Supplement I, Section V of Public Health Guidance for Community-Level Preparedness and Response to SARS [21], On 10 August 2019, while SARS operatives were on a raid in Ijegun to arrest kidnappers in the area, several shots were fired in an attempt to subdue the kidnappers; one of these shots hit a pregnant woman who was reportedly killed instantly. [33], During the 8th National Assembly, Nigeria's Senate backed the call for scrapping SARS. [49] Within hours of the announcement, some Nigerians took to Twitter with the hashtag #EndSWAT,[50] and demonstrations continued amid fears that police reform would not materialize. Please book an appointment via our online system, eBooking . [54] The panels, chaired by retired state judges with members from civil society groups, the Human Rights Commission, Citizens Mediation Centre, and two youth representatives, were directed to receive and investigate all complaints of police brutality including extra-judicial killings by police with the intention to bring justice for such victims and their families. [41] The protests quickly expanded from an online hashtag to widespread street protests in days. [9] In November 1992, the SARS unit was officially commissioned in Lagos. However, this was a small victory as she lost yet another legal battle on Monday after her report into the existence of a “rogue unit” at the SA Revenue Service (Sars… P.O. Qualitative detection of any SARS-CoV-2 antibodies (IgG, IgM, or IgA) in serum or plasma by immunoassay methods. The following morning, an emergency session of the Lagos House of Assembly was held as lawmakers allowed some protestors into the building to observe proceedings. This facilitated detection of the virus globally with subsequent sequences being nearly identical, suggesting a single, recent emergence from a virus related to bat coronaviruses and the SARS coronavirus. SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) is caused by the SARS coronavirus, known as SARS CoV. [17], On 3 June 2011, the Nigeria Police Force discovered an attempt by SARS operative Musa Agbu to bomb the Force's headquarters. [25] The suspected thieves were shot dead after they had already been arrested. 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